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0 Pregnancy Ultrasound Scan

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Pregnancy Ultrasound Scan

An ultrasound scan is frequently offered to women that are pregnant at about 12-14 weeks. In certain conditions, for example, if there aren't any particular risks or issues, you may be able in have earlier or later scans if needed.


How they work

An Ultrasound works by transmits silent sound waves through the body tissues to create an image of your baby in your womb, which you and your partner will be able to see on a TV/computer screen.

Before having your transabdominal scan, you'll be asked to drink lots of fluid rather than to empty your urinary bladder! If your urinary bladder is complete, it then pushes up from your uterus to provide a better perspective of your infant. This is really important in the very first 50% of pregnancy.

When you are lying down,  a gel is going to be put on your lower abdomen and a handheld probe/scanner/transducer will be moved in various directions on the skin to allow you to visualise your infant in your womb.

Ultrasound scans may also be carried out utilizing a vaginal probe. If this is true, you'll not typically need to have a full urinary bladder since these sorts of ultrasound scans provide a clearer image, particularly in an early pregnancy ultrasound.

 While the scan is been carried out, the sonographer will usually explain what she/he is looking at, and you may be given a black and white print of the image to take home with you, as well as a written ultrasound report. 

Some units even give you the option to get your bay scan recorded on a videotape, which you can buy.


Do ultrasound scans hurt?

Ultrasound scans are completely painless, and also to date, there is no medical evidence to prove that they can harm either a pregnant woman or her unborn baby.


What the scan can tell you about your pregnancy?

Seeing your baby moving around throughout the scan can be extremely enjoyable and reassuring to see your baby is developing normally and also to monitor its growth along with well being.

The scan will show the exact position of your baby and the placenta.

Will evaluate for any causes of bleeding in early pregnancy, along with excluding an ectopic pregnancy.

Identify fetal abnormalities, especially of the head or spine, such as the structural/developmental defects spina bifida and hydrocephalus, or to specify this risk of this chromosomal disorder Down's syndrome.

Show your baby moving and allow you to hear his/her heartbeat and see fetal movements. The scan will also evaluate the amniotic fluid volume and blood flow to the womb along the umbilical cord.

Where possible will allow you to find out the sex of your baby at the 20-week scan.



- Yianni Kiromitis PgC Medical Ultrasound, BSc(Hons) - Ultrasound Practitioner

Specialities: Abdomen, Small Parts, Gynaecology/Obstetrics and Vascular...
Yianni Kiromitis is a London based NHS and Private Medical Sonographer, with more than 20 years’ experience in Healthcare.


Reviewed: 07/04/202 by Yianni Kiromitis PgC Medical Ultrasound, BSc(Hons) and Tareq Ismail Pg (Dip) Medical Ultrasound, BSc(Hons)




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